Can gardening help depression, anxiety, stress, self-esteem? And a mostly unrelated question: if you’re stuck inside and can’t get to the store to buy seeds/soil, will food scraps and dirt from outside work close to as well [4:43]?
ALL PLANTS: There are only certain times of year that you can transplant to outside or sow outside (this varies depending on where you live, see:
Basil: Plant seeds 1/4″ deep, 6+ hours direct sun, ~14 days until seedlings emerge, 6 weeks until transplant
Garden Bean (Green Beans): Plant seeds 1″ deep, 6+ hours direct sun, 7-14 days until seedlings emerge, starting indoors and transplanting not recommended (oops)
Cilantro: Plant seeds 1/4″ deep, 6+ hours direct sun, 14-21 days until seedlings emerge, 6 weeks until transplant?
Bunching Onion (Chives/Green Onions): Plant seeds 1/4″ deep, 6+ hours direct sun, 7-14 days until seedlings emerge, 8-10 weeks until transplant
Bell Pepper: Plant seeds 1/4″ deep, 6+ hours direct sun, 10-21 days until seedlings emerge, 8 weeks until transplant
Hot Pepper: Plant seeds 1/4″ deep, 6+ hours direct sun, 10-21 days until seedlings emerge, 8 weeks until transplant
Tomatoes: Plant seeds 1/4″ deep, 6+ hours direct sun, 5-12 days until seedlings emerge, transplant when 6″ to 10″ tall
Gardening and Mental Health Research Reviews:
Soga, M., Gaston, K., & Yamaura, Y. (2017). Gardening is beneficial for health: A meta-analysis. Elsevier: Preventive Medicine Reports. 17(5), 92-99.
Schmutz, U., Lennartsson Turner, M., Williams, S., Devereaux, M., & Davies, G. (2014). The benefits of gardening and food growing for health and wellbeing. Ryton and London: Garden Organic and Sustain.
Gardening and Mental Health Fluff Piece:
Gillihan, S. (2019). 10 Mental Health Benefits of Gardening. Psychology Today.
Exercise’s Effects on Mental Health Research Reviews:
Mutrie, N. & Biddle, S. J. H. (1995). The effects of exercise on mental health in nonclinical populations. Human Kinetics Publishers: European perspectives on exercise and sport psychology.
Gleser, J., & Mendelberg, H. (1990). Exercise and sport in mental health: A review of the literature. Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences, 27(2), 99–112.
Glenister, D. (1996). Exercise and mental health: a review. Journal of the Royal Society of Health, 116(1), 7–13.
Daley, A. (2008). Exercise and Depression: A Review of Reviews. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 15(2), 140–147.
Various Hobbies Effects on Mental Health Study:
Caltabiano, Marie Louise (1995). Main and Stress-Moderating Health Benefits of Leisure. Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure. 18(1), 33-51.