– Utmost care should be taken during pregnancy for mother and child to be healthy. It is a very crucial time for mental and physical development of the child.
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Here are some tips to follow:
1. Expectant mother must first register at Anganwadi centre.
2. The mother should take proper rest and the family should cooperate in helping her with her share of work.
3. Bending and lifting heavy objects is harmful for the mother and this should be avoided.
4. One-fourth portion of the food more than normal should be taken during pregnancy.
5. A mother should gain at least 10 to 12 kgs. of weight during her pregnancy, otherwise it will affect the mental growth of the child in the womb.
6. A mother must include in her diet green leafy vegetables like spinach, fenugreek, lentils, red, yellow and orange fruits and vegetables like carrots, tomatoes, pumpkins and mangoes. She must also consume kidney and moong beans, bean sprouts and all types of lentils and whole grains, which are full of nutrients and beneficial for the growth of the child.
7. Fruits like oranges, lime and berries give power to fight all diseases and build the immune system.
8. In order to save expenses for buying all these fruits and vegetables they should be easily grown in fields.
9. Iodized salt should be used for cooking as it it helps mental development of a child.
10. 8 to 10 glasses of clean water should be taken daily.
11. The surroundings and home should be kept clean and tidy.
12. The mother should not take cigarette, cigars and alcohol and she should not be exposed to a smoking environment.
13. The mother should not take tea at least one hour before and after meals.
14. Regular monthly check-ups at Anganwadi Kendra should be done by ASHA or ANM.
15. From the beginning of pregnancy to the delivery of the child, a nutritious diet is very important till at least two years after delivery. The child will receive supplementary food and other facilities from six months to six years free of cost at Anganwadi centre.
In the absence of good nutrition, there can be a premature delivery, malnutrition in child, anaemia, mental retardation etc. For more information on other issues during pregnancy, you can also consult at the DM office of Anganwadi centre.
The purpose of this video is to create awareness about the symptoms and alarming consequences of malnutrition. It is intended for the population at large. It addresses the importance of balanced nutrition and health.
It is important to teach healthy eating habits to a child early as these are critical years of development and have a major impact on the health of the child in the future.
Nutrition is the focal point of health and well-being. Nutrition is directly linked to human resource development, productivity and ultimately to the national growth.
Malnutrition is a complex phenomenon. It is both the cause and effect of poverty and ill health, and follows a cyclical, inter-generational pattern. It is inextricably linked with illiteracy, especially female illiteracy, lack of safe drinking water and proper sanitation, ignorance, lack of awareness and ill health. It creates its own cycle within the large cycle of poverty.
Lack of adequate information on nutritional needs, has been identified as a major factor for the prevailing nutritional situation in the country. Child malnutrition is both the result of economic conditions and poor nutritional awareness.
Nutrition education and extension has been recognized as one of the long-term sustainable interventions essential to tackle the problem of malnutrition, to generate awareness, and to promote the nutrition status of the country. FNB’s major task is to address this major challenge.
This video is available in 18 Languages: Hindi, English, Assamese, Bengali, Garo, Gujarati, Kannada, Khasi, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Mizo, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu.
Produced by the Food & Nutrition Board (FNB), Ministry of Women and Child Development (MoWCD), Government of India –